MADRAS AGRICULTURAL JOURNAL

Influence of Zinc sulphate and Zinc EDTA on Grain zinc, Growth and Yield Parameters, of Rice Genotypes

Abstract

                               A field experiment was conducted at the Department of Rice, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore-3 during Kharif season, 2017. The objective of the experiment was to study the influence of Zinc nutrition on growth, physiology, ZUE, yield and grain Zn content of rice genotypes at two stages of crop. The experiment was laid out in a factorial randomized block design with three replications. The results of the field study revealed the maximum total tillers per plant were observed in the rice genotype IR93354:19-B-12-21-9-1RGA-2RGA-1-B under 0.5% ZnSO4 condition at the grain filling stage. However the higher total dry matter production recorded in the genotype IR15M1266 under 0.5% ZnSO4 treatment. Regarding zinc use efficiency indices, the maximum zinc use efficiency (42.2%) was observed in the foliar application of 0.5% ZnSO4 in rice genotype IR14M117 followed by BPT5204 (39.0%). The higher spikelet fertility was observed in BPT5204 (98.2%) under foliar application of 0.5% ZnSO4 was followed by Kalanamak (97.3%) on par with Chittmutyalu (97.2%) was under 0.5% ZnSO4 application. The treatment 0.5% ZnSO4 had recorded higher grain yield (8870.0 kg/ha) in IR95097:3-B-16-11-4-GBS which was on par with IR14M124 (8800 kg/ ha). To conclude, when foliar sprayed with zinc sources such as 0.5% ZnSO4 and 0.5 % Zn EDTA at boot leaf and grain filling stage in rice genotypes like IR15M1003, IR95097:3-B-16-11-4-GBS, IR95040:12-B-3-10-GBS, IR15M1341 and IR95097:4-B-2-18-8-GBS showed significant changes in growth, physiology and zinc grain content.

Key words : Rice, Zinc sulphate, foliar application, zinc EDTA, grain filling stage

Copyright @ 2019 Madras Agricultural Journal | Developed by Crystalpro All right reserved.

MADRAS AGRICULTURAL JOURNAL

Biosorption of Chromium (III) from Aqueous Solution by Water Hyacinth Biomass

Abstract

                                Release of heavy metals into the environment is a matter of global concern for the past few years and it should be removed from industrial waste waters before discharge for maintaining water quality standards. This study involved the use of water hyacinth biomass as biosorbent for removal of Cr(III) from aqueous solution. The biosorbent was characterized by FTIR, SEM with EDAX. Batch experiments were conducted to determine the sorption isotherms, effect of solution pH, adsorbate concentration, contact time, biosorbent dosage and size. The results confirmed that water hyacinth biomass can remove Cr(III) from aqueous solution. The maximum sorption occurs at pH =5.0, biosorbent size= 0.2mm, biosorbent dosage=2.0g 100ml-1 of adsorbate, adsorbate / solute concentration= 100 mg L-1 Cr(III) at 25ºC at 250 rpm after 24 hrs. The rate of adsorption was rapid and equilibrium attained at 24hrs. Langmuir, Freundlich and Temkin isotherm models were used to analyze the equilibrium adsorption data. Langmuir isotherm fitted the data well with R2 value of 0.999. Overall, the powdered water hyacinth biomass could be utilized as effective low cost adsorbent for the removal of Cr(III) from waste water.

Key words : Adsorption, Cr Removal, Release kinetics, Water hyacinth

Copyright @ 2019 Madras Agricultural Journal | Developed by Crystalpro All right reserved.

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